Health Information Technology
Health Information Technology, abbreviated as the HIT, refers to an application of technology in creating, maintaining and securing healthcare information. As the healthcare information needs to be protected from falling prey in wrong hands, the influx of technologies can be integrated into the healthcare infrastructure to achieve this objective. The implementation of the HIT benefits the industry in several ways by improving the healthcare quality and productivity, reducing medical errors, costs as well as administrative paperwork time. Additionally, HIT facilitates real-time communication among various stakeholders of the healthcare unit. Likewise, the Interoperable HIT will bring a plethora of others benefits, including improved tracking of diseases, better evaluation of chronic diseases alongside providing a scope for their early detection.
Types of HIT
Riding on types of technology, the HIT can be categorized into computerized physician order entry, electronic medical records (or EMR) and clinical decision support (CDS). While the previous HIT models have become obsolete, there need to be more sophisticated and flexible technologies that can tackle the complex healthcare challenges. The manual work of staff in healthcare units leads to errors in medication. As an example, the manual prescriptions handed to patients are the most preventable errors because of which the patients may end up consuming wrong medicines.
The advancement in artificial intelligence, big data, and machine learning promises a major transformation in the application of HIT. Leveraging the capability of the aforementioned technologies can help in tapping key opportunities, including Health Diagnosis and Monitoring, better treatment, Pharmaceutical R&D and enabling performance optimization.