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Internet Protocol (IP) Explained

The method employed to send data from one computer to the other is known as the Internet Protocol (IP). However, an IP network is a communication network that uses Internet Protocol (IP) to send and receive messages between computers. Internet serves to be the largest and the best IP network. An IP network uses the internet protocol to send and receive messages between one or more computers. IP network being the most rapidly used network it is implemented across internet networks LAN networks and enterprise networks. An IP network requires all hosts and network nodes to be configured with TCP/IP suite.

How does the Internet Protocol work?

Each computer (host) has at least one IP address, which distinguishes it from other hosts present on the internet. Data is sent and received in the form of packets, each packet contains the sender’s and the receiver’s address; every packet is first sent to a gateway computer which identifies the packet’s address and forwards it to an adjoining gateway and the process repeats until a gateway system recognizes it and sends it to the computer addressed within its domain.

Since the data is packed in different packets it is not necessary that a combination of the packets will arrive as they were sent. The Internet Protocol only sends data but the arrangement of the packets is handled by the Transmission protocol or TCP. When data arrives in different packets it is delivered in an unorganized manner; TCP organizes the data packets and the combination in which they were sent is obtained resulting in a successful IP.

Types of Internet Protocols

File Retrieval Protocol—FRP

One of the earliest ways of retrieving information was the file transfer protocol, which connects computers to the internet. File names were open to users for the files that were stored on the serving computer but they did not have access to graphics and sometimes no description of the file was available. One would need to have advanced knowledge of which files contained the information sought.

File Transfer Protocol—FTP

Internet services allow users to move files from one computer to another. FTP allows a user to login to a remote computer, browse through their data and upload or download a file. These can be any type of file, but the user is only allowed to see the file name; no description of the file content is included. One might encounter the FTP protocol if you try to download any software applications from the World Wide Web. Many sites that offer downloadable applications can also use the FTP protocol.


Telnet enables a user to connect to a remote computer and download or upload files from their computer, by using this protocol. Generally one would use telnet into a specific application, based on a serving computer that would allow a user to use that application as if it were one’s own computer. In order to use it on a system, one would require a special software.

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