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Microsoft is an American multinational technology company founded by Paul Allen and Bill Gates in 1975, headquartered in Redmond, Washington. Since inception, the company emerged into a dominating Personal computer operating systems provider in the market. It has been ranked as one of the world’s largest software manufacturer and most valuable companies. The company develops, manufactures, licenses supports, and sells a wide range of hardware, software products, and services. Microsoft has gained popularity in the technology world through Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, MS Office Suite, and Internet Explorer. It competes with IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Red Hat, CA Technologies, Amazon, Google,, Adobe, SAP and other top companies in the market.

Microsoft Products and Services:

Microsoft’s flagship products include Xbox video gaming, entertainment consoles, Microsoft Surface tablets, phones, intelligent devices, and other accessories that can be integrated with their cloud offerings. The company’s business segments comprise of productivity and business process, intelligent cloud and personal computing. The products range from the server and cross-productivity applications, software development tools, desktop and server management tools, to certification of computer system integrators, developers; video games and training.

The company’s portfolio of services and products in productivity and business process segment consists of productivity, communication and information services spanning across a variety of devices and platforms. Microsoft’s primary offering to customers encompasses volume licensing and subscriptions of Office 365 commercial products and services like Office, SharePoint, Exchange, and Office Commercial. The Office commercial includes Skype, OneDrive, and Dynamics Business; including Dynamics ERP, CRM, on-premise, and CRM online. The Office Commercial and Dynamics Business Commercial are designed specifically to manage a personal team, connect friends, family, clients and colleagues through various devices; and improve organizational productivity.

Microsoft’s intelligent cloud segmentprimarily comprises of server products (public, private, and hybrid) and cloud services, which include SQL Server, Windows Server, Visual Studio systems, Azure, Enterprise services, support services, and Microsoft Consulting services. The server products are specially designed to make IT professionals, developers and their systems more productive and efficient in functionalities. Server software is integrated into company’s server infrastructure and middleware to support software applications built on Windows Server operating systems.

Microsoft Windowsis a family of operating systems developed for personal computers. Windows NT is the first version of Windows operating system released in 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing need for graphical user interface. Later on, the first Windows version was then succeeded by subsequent versions of Microsoft including Windows 2.1, Windows 3.0, Windows NT 3.0, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows ME, Windows XP and Server 2003. In 2006, Microsoft introduced a new version of Windows operating system, with new graphics features and applications, architectural enhancements including Windows Powershell, which was all being replaced in the Windows 7 version. Later in 2012, Microsoft released Windows 8 to the public as a successor to Windows 7, including the introduction of a user interface for touch-based devices like tablets and 2-in-1 PCs, the new full-screen application platform for running Windows applications. In 2014, Microsoft announced Windows 10 as a successor to Windows 8.1, which addresses all the shortcomings in the user interface introduced in Windows 8.

Microsoft Azureis a well-known platform integrated with cloud computing services used for building, deploying, and managing applications and services through a global network of data centers managed by Microsoft. Initially, Azure was announced and released as Windows Azure, before being renamed to Microsoft Azure. The platform includes cloud computing services, storage, database management and advanced services and solutions such as Analytics, Enterprise Mobility, and Internet-of-Things applications for any device. Azure promotes usability of applications, allocates more resources that benefit developers rather than managing on-premises hardware and software.

Microsoft Introduction

Headquartered in Redmond, Washington, Microsoft is a main worldwide merchant of PC programming; equipment for PC, gaming and mobile frameworks; and cloud administrations. Now Microsoft is spread across 60 nations.

Microsoft's underlying foundations backpedal in any event to the extent 1975, when the initial economically accessible PC showed up on the cover of Popular Electronics magazine. The Altair 8800 was a simple framework. However, it found a business opportunity for locally established PCs and made another interest for programming to use with these frameworks.

Bill Gates and his companion Paul Allen instantly observed the potential. Gates approached the maker of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems and bid to compose a program for the new PC. Doors and Allen made a translator for BASIC - then a mainframe programming dialect - to use with the Altair.

MITS procured Gates and Allen in 1975. By 1976, they had left to dedicate more opportunity to their own particular juvenile organization, Microsoft, which they consolidated in 1981. The organization opened up to the world in March 1986.

Microsoft's significant leap forward happened in 1981 when the organization outfitted an OS for IBM's first real section into PCs. Called PC-DOS, Microsoft additionally showcased its own particular adaptation, Microsoft Disk Operating System-MS DOS. The 1980s witnessed both IBM's and Microsoft's fortunes take off. Microsoft ruled the product showcase, similarly as IBM ruled the PC advertise. A PC - other than one from Apple - was alluded to as an "IBM-compatible" clone; these clones included microchips from Intel.

In 1983, Microsoft presented its first Windows working framework, Windows 1.0, which was not launched until November, 1985. Intensely impacted by Apple's graphical UI, Windows 1.0 was more easy to use than the order line interface of DOS, along with menus that the client could access with a mouse or keyboard.

Microsoft unveiled a long progression of working frameworks for home clients, incorporating Windows 3.0 in May 1990, Windows 95 in August 1995 (later refreshed to Windows 98). In October 2001, the technology giant launched Windows XP, followed by Windows Vista in January '07, Windows 7 in October '09 and Windows 8 in October '12 (later refreshed to Windows 8.1) respectively. Windows 10 released in July 2015 is the organization's latest offering.

Microsoft likewise acts an unmistakable part of information centers with its venture class server working frameworks to give associations effective authoritative control of substantial corporate systems and administrations. Expanding on the achievement of its OS, Microsoft moved into the improvement of software. 

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