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Science relates to a branch of study that utilizes facts and logically arranges them to infer general laws. It is a methodical comprehension of the physical or material world achieved through the process of observation and experimentation. 

Science is an incessant and dynamic process of discovering the way the universe operates and construct solid foundation based on that knowledge. 

Science does not convey statements of absolute eternal truth—it only offers theories which can pave the path for further refinement in the future or complete withdrawal in the light of future researches. 

For example, to inspect the distribution of fossils in an outcrop, a geologist needs to record the data by means of the observation. Data gathered after critical observation over a period helps the geologist to make his inferences—this is observational science. 

Why is science important?

Science not only helps to shape everyday lives, buts also forms the fulcrum of a new culture and/or evolution. 

From daily chores of cooking, cleaning, gardening to planning monthly budgets, traveling using a map, or using computers and smart devices, science is omnipresent. As technology permeates human lives, being ‘science literate’ has no longer remained an advantage, but a necessity. 

What are the different branches of science?

Science can be broadly segmented into three categories: the physical sciences consisting of Physics, Chemistry, and Astronomy; the earth sciences of Geology, Oceanography, Paleontology, and Meteorology; and the life sciences – Botany, Zoology, Genetics, and Medicine. 

The discipline of Social Science—study of society and its relation with the individuals—as a pertinent branch of science also came forth in the 18th century during the ‘age of revolutions’. The social sciences include subjects such as Economics, Political Science, Demography, Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Archaeology, Jurisprudence, History, and Linguistics.

The direct impact of science on reasoning 

Learning science improves logical reasoning capabilities. Students sharpen their cognitive skills from a very young age through studying science. Several research reports from acclaimed organizations have confirmed that imparting STEM–Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics—education to students helps them to acquire advanced transferable reasoning skills. 

Students trained in scientific reasoning skills in K-12 education have shown a long-term impact on the academic achievement. The constructive relationship has been reported between students’ reasoning power and their competence in learning science. 


Science is the expression of curiosity in a logical action to determine and comprehend the world around. Through prediction of an idea, science helps to build a conjecture and prove it right or wrong.

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