A survey is the process of collecting information from either an individual or a group of individuals for a certain purpose or a variety of purposes. A survey does not have a certain method but a variety of methods to collect information which include – a questionnaire sometimes, or a telephonic survey, or face to face survey, or a survey through e-mail, or diskette or on the web system. A survey engages people for information under a pre-structured format. The method ensures that the respondents are asked the same question for a definite research through a standardized procedure. A respondent who is being surveyed may represent herself or a group, or an organization or employers or employees etc to where s/he belongs.
If it’s a land survey, it engages the process of analyzing and documenting the land structure and characteristics of an area to create a map or design for construction.
In the field of statistics, a survey is the study of individual unit from a population and the associated task of collecting survey data with the help of specific techniques. There are many other survey fields in various other studies.
Types of Survey Used in the Employment Field
There are a few processes for an employment sector survey.
360 Degree feedback survey is one of the processes where it is seen that how an employee is perceived in his/her work from different perspectives and dynamics.
A salary survey focuses on the average compensation that an employee gets in one or more jobs. It is needed to sketch a comparison between the salaries paid by different companies.
An employee attitude survey is needed to determine the needs of an organization. It is important for any company to seek the employees’ opinions on the company’s success to deliver its mission successfully to the workers or to look after the work environment of the workplace.
Steps of Surveys
Forming a research question is the first step of any research process. It gives a broad picture of the survey as whether it is going to be a qualitative research or a quantitative one, or whether the data is exploratory or descriptive.
Identify the population of interest is the second step where one simply determines about the respondents or person with whom one represents the data.
Identifying of sample frame and choosing the data collection modes are the next steps where one determines about the process through which s/he will collect the data. This may include mailing address or email address as sample frames and the collection modes might be online surveys or face to face surveys.
The next step is to send the survey out for data collection. One has to put good effort to fulfill this step.
The last step of any survey is the coding of data which may include various mathematical methods or adjusting the open ended questions.
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