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Telecommunications: Defintion and basic Introduction

Telecommunications refers to the interchange of information by electronic and electrical means over a significant distance. It is a generic term that is used for a vast range of information-transmitting technologies such as mobile phones, land lines, VoIP and broadcast networks.

In telecommunications, information is transmitted between communication participants in the form of electrical signals known as carrier waves, which are modulated into analog or digital signals for voice, and then demodulated into original data, image, signal or video information. Telecommunications technicians play major roles in delivering Internet, phone and digital services to customers.

What is the Importance of Telecommunications?

Communication is an extremely important aspect, not only for people around the world, but also for small and large businesses. If communication was not made, then the world would not be what it is now when there is no communication. Telecommunication is the way of transmitting electronic signals across long distances for communication purposes.

Noted below are some of the key areas of Telecommunication’s impact:

Telecommunications provides a technological foundation for societal communications.

Communication plays a central role in the fundamental operations of a society—from business to government to families.

It is difficult to predict the future impact of telecommunications technologies, services, and applications that have not yet been invented. 

Telecommunications Act of 1996

In neoteric terms, telecommunication supersedes the idea of devices connecting with each other. Today, the technology is taking enterprises beyond borders and has immensely facilitated globalization in the business space. With the advent of internet, sharing of data and information over email, social- networking sites, blogs and websites are continuously evolving in the 21st century. The dynamic nature of technology and its applications have resulted to enforce reform in telecommunication sector with necessary legislation.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was established to regulate all the sectors within the communication industry during great depression period (1929-1932). Initially the FCC modulated telegram, telephone, radio and later it expanded to cable television and satellite industries under the Communication Act of 1934. This Act is indeed the antecedent of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 which was a historic transformation in the U.S. law governing communications. It brought radical changes and imparts set of laws to encourage competitiveness among the businesses in the industry. The main objective of the act is to create free market that would give enterprises and consumers more flexibility and facilities to avail in terms of services they could subscribe. It focussed on protecting enterprises and consumers from monopolistic abuses against firms leveraging their monopoly power in the market. This act has also resulted in enacting laws and provisions that provide parental controls to protect children from viewing explicit contents.  In addition, Telecommunication Act of 1996 has revolutionized the entire system of telephone, broadcasting and internet services into a new and a hybrid dimension.

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