Share On

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. URL is commonly referred to as web address. As the name indicates, URL is the global address of documents and resources on the World Wide Web. URL is a specific form of URI (Uniform Resource Indicator) expressed through a string of characters to categorize a resource in the network.

Parts of a URL

The URL can be segmented into three parts. The first part is the protocol identifier, second part is the host name, and the third part indicates the file name. A colon separates the protocol identifier, the resource name, and two forward slashes.
http://www.findresult.com/index.html
The example above depicts a URL where HTTP indicates a protocol, (www.findresult.com) is the hostname, and file name is index.html.

Moreover, if there are two URLs (as mentioned below), with the same hostname, the protocol defines the direction for accessing the different files at the domain findresult.com. The first example specifies an executable file (stuff.exe) that should be fetched by using the FTP protocol and the second signifies a webpage that requires being fetched using HTTP protocol.
ftp://www.findresult.com/stuff.exe
http://www.findresult.com/index.html

Types of URL:

Absolute URL 

An absolute URL is independent of any relationship and points at the accurate place of the file. For example, findresult.com/images/welcome.gif specifies that the image file ‘welcome.gif’ is located in the ‘images’ directory, under domain name ‘findresult’.

Relative URL

The relative URL on the other hand finds the location of a file within the present directory where it is located. The relative URLs usually have a shorter length since it does not refer to the exact location of the file. While relative URLs can be helpful to webmasters since it does not involve re-writing of the entire file path, it is necessary to ensure that the active or the present directory is the location where the searched file is placed. 
For instance: ../image/welcome.gif is a relative URL. The initial two periods [..] in the URL command the server to shift up the directory by one, then go into images directory to point at ‘welcome.gif’ file.

Internationalized URL

People use web services throughout the world, and they are using a myriad of languages to create domain names for URLs in their own alphabets. Internationalized Resource Identifier (IRI) is used to standardize the URL nomenclature with Unicode characters. Most of the browsers today support IRIs making a URL in local alphabet accessible across another part of the world.

With the help of Unicode characters, a web-based software can automatically translate the domain name into puny code usable by the Domain Name System to comprehend. 
For instance, the Chinese URL http://例子.卷筒纸 becomes http://xn--fsqu00a.xn--3lr804guic/. The xn-- indicates that the character was not originally ASCII.

Demystifying Industrial IoT

White Paper By: Winjit Technologies

The true potential of IoT is unveiled when it is used in the manufacturing and industrial section. Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) combines the most powerful technologies that have been used in the industrial sector for ages. The collaboration of Machine Learning, Big Data, Sensors, Machine to Machine (M2M) communication, automation, Artificial Intelligence and IoT gives us a promising...

The IT Manager’s Guide to IoT in Meeting Spaces

White Paper By: AVI-SPL

In a meeting room context, IoT refers to the use of hardware and software to connect AV devices and room technologies so companies can remotely control, monitor, and manage room systems to meet their strategic business objectives. This whitepaper highlights the opportunities Internet of Things brings to meeting rooms and discusses deployment considerations managers should keep in mind when...

The 5 Step Roadmap To IoT-Based Predictive Maintenance

White Paper By: XMPro

Using predictive analytics to drive maintenance is what we’ve labelled “IoT-based predictive maintenance”. However, if you start by systematically implementing the steps outlined in this roadmap and strategically investing in your IoT-based Predictive Maintenance program, your organization will rise above the rest and see the benefits of the Internet of Things reflected in...

Internet of Things:The Interconnection of Everything

White Paper By: CloudOne

The Internet of Things(Iot) is the future of internet, powering billions of integrated devices and processes across industries and global locations. Typically, Internet of Things is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. Download...

IoT: Benefits, Challenges, and Solutions for the Field Service Industry

White Paper By: Jolt Consulting Group

The growing demand of deploying Internet of Things (IoT) to the Field Service industry in real time aspect is one of the most remarkable features impacting service organizations. Operational efficiencies, significant cost reductions, and high customer satisfaction drive the solutions of Jolt Consulting to the service organizations. The IoT analytics industry is exploding as a result of...

Considerations for Modernizing Scientific Compute Research Platforms

White Paper By: Avere Systems

Present life sciences research organizations deals with petabytes of data which requires new performance and data management for IT infrastructures and storage solutions. To address the performance and data management issues found in life sciences organizations, a high performance hybrid file system is used which stores data closets to compute resources that can modernize infrastructure...

2018 All Rights Reserved | by: www.ciowhitepapersreview.com